However, after six years, the USMCA sunset (16 years) may be reviewed and possibly extended if the parties consider that this would be beneficial. The more than 1800-page agreement replaces NAFTA, first signed by President Bill Clinton. But it keeps much of NAFTA intact. One of President Trump`s main goals in the renegotiations is to ensure that the deal benefits American workers. The United States, Mexico and Canada have agreed on a laboratory chapter that introduces work obligations at the heart of the agreement, makes them fully enforceable and constitutes the strongest provisions of a trade agreement. CNN Politics has published a statement article on the two agreements that highlights the upcoming changes and their impact on different sectors in the three countries concerned (United States, Mexico, Canada). House spokeswoman Nancy Pelosi also said, “There is obviously no doubt that this deal is much better than NAFTA!” There was a provision in the agreement that would have required the United States, Canada and Mexico to provide 10 years of exclusivity for biologics. For now, the United States offers 12, Canada 8 and Mexico 5. In order to increase cross-border trade, the United States has entered into an agreement with Mexico and Canada to increase their de minimis shipping value.
For the first time in decades, Canada will increase its de minimis level from C$20 to C$40 for taxes. Canada also expects duty-free shipments of up to C$150. Mexico will continue to provide $50 tax-free de minimis and will also offer duty-free shipments worth $117.